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[1]张智勇,董秀秀,王绍明,等.不同连作障碍消减措施对新疆棉花根系形态生理特征的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):918-925.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09002]
 ZHANG Zhiyong,DONG Xiuxiu,WANG Shaoming,et al.Influence of different control measures of continuous cropping obstacle on morphological and physiological characteristics of cotton roots in Xinjiang[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(04):918-925.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09002]
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不同连作障碍消减措施对新疆棉花根系形态生理特征的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
918-925
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of different control measures of continuous cropping obstacle on morphological and physiological characteristics of cotton roots in Xinjiang
作者:
张智勇;?董秀秀;?王绍明;?濮晓珍
1石河子大学生命科学学院 石河子 832003 2石河子大学药学院,新疆植物药资源利用教育部重点实验室 石河子 832003
Author(s):
ZHANG Zhiyong1;? DONG Xiuxiu1;? WANG Shaoming1;? 2 & PU Xiaozhen1;? 2**
1 College of Life Sciences, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China 2 Pharmacy School, Shihezi University/Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Phytomedicine Resource and Utilization, Ministry of Education, Shihezi 832003, China
关键词:
棉花;?生物炭;?有机肥;?轮作;?土壤养分;?根系;?形态生理特征
Keywords:
cotton;? biochar;? organic fertilizer;? crop rotation;? soil nutrient;? root system;? morphological and physiological characteristics
分类号:
S157.4 : S562
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09002
摘要:
采用盆栽试验,研究添加生物炭(BF)、施用有机肥(MF)、施用硫肥(SF)和轮作(CR)4种不同连作障碍消减措施对新疆棉花盛花期根系生理生化、生长形态以及土壤养分的影响. 结果显示,不同的消减措施对棉花根系和土壤特征的影响存在差异. 添加生物炭显着提高了土壤pH值和62.48%的土壤速效钾含量,降低了有效磷含量,并显着提高了棉花根系活力、根系长度和平均直径(P < 0.05). 与对照相比,轮作增加了土壤有机质、全氮和碱解氮含量,增加程度分别为31.79%、40.28%及32.43%,降低了土壤有效磷和速效钾的含量,并显着降低了根系丙二醛含量的积累(P < 0.05),且根系长度、根系表面积、根长密度和比根长最大. 土壤速效钾和有效磷含量在施用有机肥处理下显着增加,分别增加了53.75%和16.75%,且根系平均直径显着增加(P < 0.05),这将提高根系与土壤的接触面积,有利于膜下滴灌下异质性养分的吸收. 本研究区域施用硫肥对土壤养分提高以及棉花根系生理活性、根系生长的改善效果不显着(P < 0.05),并且施用硫肥具有最小的根冠比(0.499),不利于棉花根系自身的生长以及水分和养分的吸收. 综上所述,添加生物炭、施用有机肥和轮作可通过影响根系形态或生理特征来提高根系功能的发挥,有利于养分的高效利用,可作为该区域可持续绿色农业的有效管理措施. (图1 表5 参51)
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in morphological and physiological characteristics of cotton roots under different control measures of continuous cropping obstacle. The effects of four control measures on the physiological and biochemical patterns, growth patterns, and soil nutrients of cotton roots in Xinjiang during the flowering stage were studied with pot experiments. The four controlled measures were: addition of biochar (BF), application of organic fertilizer (MF), application of sulfur fertilizer (SF), and crop rotation (CR). The effects of the different reduction measures on cotton roots and soil characteristics were significantly different (P < 0.05). The biochar addition increased the soil pH and the available soil potassium by 62.48%. However, it decreased the available phosphorus and cotton root activity, as well as root length and average diameter. Crop rotation increased soil organic matter, total nitrogen, and alkali nitrogen content. The proportions were 31.79%, 40.28%, and 32.43%, respectively. It reduced the content of available soil phosphorus and potassium. It also decreased the accumulation of malondialdehyde in the roots. Furthermore, the root length (L), root surface area (A), root length density (RLD), and specific root length (SRL) had maximal value. The application of organic fertilizer significantly increased the available potassium and phosphorus in the soil by 53.75% and 16.75%, respectively. Root diameter increased significantly, which increased the contact area between roots and the soil and facilitated the absorption of heterogeneous nutrients under mulched drip irrigation. The application of sulphur fertilizer in this study had no significant improvement in soil nutrients, and physiological activity and development of cotton roots (P < 0.05), further resulted in smallest root-shoot ratio (0.499), which was not beneficial to the growth and development of cotton roots, as well as the absorption of water and nutrients. In conclusion, adding biochar, applying organic fertilizer, and practicing crop rotation can improve the function of the root system. These measures affect the root morphology or physiological characteristics; thus, soil nutrients can be used more efficiently by cotton. Consequently, the effective management measures for sustainable green agriculture in the studied region were: biochar addition (BF), organic fertilizer application (MF), and crop rotation (CR).

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-25