|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]程欢,付雨欣,董洪君,等.川中丘陵区不同植被类型土壤理化性质及水文效应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):845-853.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09009]
 CHENG Huan,FU Yuxin,et al.Physical and chemical properties of soil and the hydrological effects of different vegetation types in the central Sichuan hilly region[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(04):845-853.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09009]
点击复制

川中丘陵区不同植被类型土壤理化性质及水文效应
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
845-853
栏目:
生态系统养分循环与保护恢复专栏
出版日期:
2019-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Physical and chemical properties of soil and the hydrological effects of different vegetation types in the central Sichuan hilly region
作者:
程欢;?付雨欣;?董洪君;?胡旭;?黄川雄;?刘益君;?车明轩;?付万权;?宫渊波
1四川农业大学林学院 成都 611130 2中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院乌拉特荒漠草原研究站 兰州 730000 3泸州市水务局 泸州 646000
Author(s):
CHENG Huan1;? 2;? FU Yuxin1;? DONG Hongjun1;? HU Xu1;? HUANG Chuanxiong1;? LIU Yijun1;? CHE Mingxuan;? FU Wanquan3 & GONG Yuanbo1**
1 College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2 Urat Desert-grassland Research Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 3 Luzhou Water Conservancy, Luzhou 646000, China
关键词:
川中丘陵;?植被类型;?理化性质;?水文效应
Keywords:
central Sichuan hill;? vegetation type;? soil physical and chemical property;? hydrological effect
分类号:
S714.2
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.09009
摘要:
为揭示紫色土区不同植被类型土壤理化性质和水文效应空间分布特征,测定官司河流域紫色土区柏木麻栎混交林(Cupressus funebris,Quercus acutissima)、柏木纯林、方竹林(Chimonobambusa quadrangularis)和农地4种植被类型土壤理化性质、土壤孔隙状况及水文特征. 结果表明:(1)土壤有机碳含量表现为柏木麻栎混交林>方竹林>柏木纯林>农地. 柏木麻栎混交林土壤有机碳(18.04 g/kg)、全氮(1.51 g/kg)、全磷(1.49 g/kg)、全钾(53.1 g/kg)、速效氮(81.69 mg/kg)、速效磷(2.14 mg/kg)积累作用最好. (2)不同植被类型土壤容重均值表现为农地>柏木纯林>柏木麻栎混交林>方竹林,随土层加深,4种植被类型容重变化规律不同,其中农地增加幅度最大,为9.34%. (3)0-100 cm土层自然含水量、毛管持水量、最大持水量、含蓄降水量均表现为柏木麻栎混交林最高,田间持水量表现为农地最高. 随着土层加深,不同植被类型水文效应规律变化差异较大. 综上所述,不同植被类型不同土层深度土壤理化性质和水文效应特征差异显着,柏木麻栎混交林较柏木纯林更适宜在研究区推广种植,方竹林对该区土壤状况适应性较好,结果可为川中丘陵区紫色土人工林经营管理、生态环境恢复及水源涵养功能评价提供理论依据. (图2 表4 参30)
Abstract:
To investigate the spatial distribution characteristics of the physical and chemical properties of soil and the hydrological effects of different vegetation types in the purple-soil area, the soil organic carbon content, bulk density, porosity, and water storage in different vegetation types and at different depths of four vegetation types (Cupressus funebris-Quercus acutissima, Cupressus funebris, Chimonobambusa quadrangularis, and farmland) in the central Sichuan hilly region were measured. The results showed that: (1) the average organic carbon content of the four vegetation types in 0-20 cm soil layer was as follows: C. funebris-Q. acutissima > C. quadrangularis > C. funebris > farmland. The organic carbon content (18.04 g/kg), total nitrogen content (1.51 g/kg), total phosphorus content (1.49 g/kg), total potassium (53.1 g/kg), available nitrogen (81.69 mg/kg), and available phosphorus (2.14 mg/kg) of C. funebris-Q. acutissima mixed forests soil was the best. (2) The mean soil bulk density of different forest types was shown as farmland > C. funebris > Cupressus-Quercus > C. quadrangularis, which varied with the deepening of soil layer. Among these, farmland showed the largest increase (9.34%). (3) In the Cupressus-Quercus mixed forest soil, the natural water content, capillary water holding capacity, maximum water holding capacity, and the implied precipitation in the 0-100 cm soil layer were the highest. The field water holding capacity of farmland was the highest. Thus, different types of hydrological effects varied greatly as the soil layer deepened, Cupressus-Quercus mixed forest was more suitable for planting in a research area than pure cypress wood forest, and the bamboo forest had good adaptability to the soil conditions in this area. The results can provide a theoretical basis for the management, restoration of the ecological environment, and evaluation of the water conservation function of the artificial forest under different stands in the purple-soil area of the hilly region of central Sichuan.

参考文献/References:

1 马慧静. 大围山典型森林土壤有机碳特征及其影响因子分析[D]. 长沙: 中南林业科技大学, 2014 [Ma HJ. The vertical distribution and environmental factors of soil organic carbon in Daweishan National Forest Park [D]. Changsha: Central South University of Forestry and Technology, 2014]
2 Kasischke ES, Johnstone JF. Variation in postfire organic layer thickness in a black spruce forest complex in interior Alaska and its effects on soil temperature and moisture [J]. Can J For Res, 2005, 35 (9): 2164-2177
3 陈琳, 赵陟峰, 赵廷宁, 王娟. 基于因子与聚类分析的不同林分土壤理化性质评价[J]. 水土保持研究, 2011, 18 (5): 191-196 [Chen L, Zhao ZF, Zhao TN, Wang J. Evaluation of soil physical and chemical properties quality under different forest based on factor and cluster analysis [J]. Res Soil Water Conserv, 2011, 18 (5): 191-196]
4 李少生, 杜有新. 土壤可溶性有机质研究进展[J]. 江西林业科技, 2010 (3): 23-26 [Li SS, Du YX. Study advance on dissolved organic matter in soil [J]. J Jiangxi Silv Sci, 2010 (3): 23-26]
5 冯嘉仪, 储双双, 王婧, 吴道铭, 莫其锋, 曾曙才. 华南地区5种典型植被类型土壤肥力综合评价[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2018, 39 (3): 73-81 [Feng JY, Chu SS, Wang J, Wu DM, Mo QF, Zeng SC. Comprehensive evaluation of soil fertility of five typical forest stands in South China [J]. J South China Agric Univ, 2018, 39 (3): 73-81]
6 徐娟, 余新晓, 席彩云. 北京十三陵不同林分枯落物层和土壤层水文效应研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2009, 23 (3): 189-193 [Xu J, Yu XX, Xi CY. Hydrological effects of forest litters and soil in Ming Tombs forest farm [J]. J Soil Water Convers, 2009, 23 (3): 189-193]
7 孙艳红, 张洪江, 程金花, 王玉杰, 程云, 石健. 重庆缙云山林地枯落物及土壤水文效应研究[J]. 中国水土保持科学, 2006, 4 (3): 31-35 [Sun YH, Zhang HJ, Cheng JH, Wang YJ, Cheng Y, Shi J. Hydrological effect of forest litter and soil in Jinyun mountain of Chongqing [J]. Sci Soil Water Conserv, 2006, 4 (3): 31-35]
8 Cerdà A. Soil aggregate stability under different Mediterranean vegetation types [J]. Catena, 1998, 32 (2): 73-86
9 Bracho R, Vogel JG, Will RE, Noormets A, Samuelson LJ, Jokela EJ, Gonzalez-Benecke CA, Gezan SA, Markewitz D, Seiler JR. Carbon accumulation in loblolly pine plantations is increased by fertilization across a soil moisture availability gradient [J]. For Ecol Manage, 2018, 424: 39-52
10 程欢, 程一伦, 宫渊波, 熊仕臣, 张亚贝, 刘江山, 刘良松, 吴强, 孙超. 川西北高山/亚高山区6种典型土壤类型水文效应[J]. 应用与环境生物学报, 2019, 25 (1): 1-12 [Cheng H, Cheng YL, Gong YB, Xiong SC, Zhang YB, Liu LS, Wu Q, Sun C. Hydrological effect of 6 soil types in northwestern Sichuan alpine and subalpine mountains [J]. Chin J Appl Environ Biol, 2019, 25 (1): 1-12]
11 何毓蓉, 黄成敏. 四川紫色土退化及其防治[J]. 山地学报, 1993, 11 (4): 209-215 [He YR, Huang CM. Purple soil degradation and its cintrol in Sichuan Province [J]. J Mount Sci, 1993, 11 (4): 209-215]
12 四川省农牧厅, 四川省土壤普查办公室. 四川土种志[M]. 成都: 四川科学技术出版社, 1994 [Sichuan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Sichuan Soil Census Office. Sichuan Local Records [M]. Chengdu: Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 1994]
13 刘延国, 王青, 王军. 官司河流域景观稳定性的研究[J]. 地球信息科学学报, 2012, 14 (1): 137-142 [Liu YG, Wang Q, Wang J. Study on landscape stability in Guansihe Watershed [J]. J Geo-inf Sci, 2012, 14 (1): 137-142]
14 刘延国, 王青, 王军. 官司河流域土地覆被景观稳定性及其环境效应[J]. 水土保持研究, 2012, 19 (3): 170-173 [Liu YG, Wang Q, Wang J. Landscape stability and environment effect of land covers in Guansihe Watershed [J]. Res Soil Water Conserv, 2012, 19 (3): 170-173]
15 郑江坤, 王婷婷, 付万全, 杨润红, 宫渊波. 川中丘陵区典型林分枯落物层蓄积量及持水特性[J]. 水土保持学报, 2014, 28 (3): 87-91 [Zheng JK, Wang TT, Fu WQ, Yang RH, Gong YB. Storage and water holding characteristics of the litter layer of typical forest types in the central Sichuan Hilly Region [J]. J Soil Water Convers, 2014, 28 (3): 87-91]
16 许辉熙, 薛万蓉, 慕长龙, 朱志芳. 基于IKONOS影像的官司河流域土地利用景观分类与制图[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2009, 37 (11): 5286-5288 [Xu SX, Xue WR, Mu CL, Zhu ZF. Classification and mapping of landscape in Guansi River basin in Mianyang City of Sichuan Province based on IKONOS image [J]. J Anhui Agric Sci, 2009, 37 (11): 5286-5288]
17 国家林业局. 森林土壤分析方法[M]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2000 [The State Forestry Administration of the People’s Republic of China. The Analysis Methods of Forest Soil [M]. Beijing: Standards Press of China, 2000]
18 田超, 杨新兵, 李军, 鲁绍伟, 刘阳, 毕可姣. 冀北山地不同海拔蒙古栎林枯落物和土壤水文效应[J]. 水土保持学报, 2011, 25 (4): 221-226 [Tian C, Yang XB, Li J, Lu SW, Liu Y, Bi KJ. Hydrogical effects of forest litters and soil of Quercus mongolica in the different altitudes of north mountain of Hebei Province [J]. J Soil Water Convers, 2011, 25 (4): 221-226]
19 Li ZW, Liu C, Dong YT, Chang XF, Nie XD, Liu L, Xiao HB, Lu YM, Zeng GM. Response of soil organic carbon and nitrogen stocks to soil erosion and land use types in the Loess hilly-gully region of China [J]. Soil Till Res, 2017, 166: 1-9
20 张发会, 吴雪仙, 蔡小虎, 王琛. 川西亚高山3种不同林分类型对土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 四川林业科技, 2015, 36 (3): 8-12 [Zhang FH, Wu XX, Cai XH, Wang C. The influence of three different forest types on soil physical and chemical properties in subalpine areas of western Sichuan [J]. J Sichuan For Sci Technol, 2015, 36 (3): 8-12]
21 Toohey RC, Boll J, Brooks ES. Effects of land use on soil properties and hydrological processes at the point, plot, and catchment scale in volcanic soils near Turrialba, Costa Rica [J]. Geoderma, 2018, 315: 138-148
22 Peigné J, Vian J F, Payet V, Saby P A. Soil fertility after 10 years of conservation tillage in organic farming [J]. Soil Till Res, 2018, 175: 194-204
23 Villagra-Mendoza K, Horn R. Effect of biochar addition on hydraulic functions of two textural soils [J]. Geoderma, 2018, 326: 88-95
24 赵芳, 李雪云, 赖国桢, 欧阳勋志, 郭孝玉. 飞播马尾松林不同林下植被类型枯落物及土壤水文效应[J]. 中国水土保持科学, 2016, 14 (4): 26-33 [Zhao F, Li XY, Lai GZ, Ouyang XZ, Guo XY. Hydrological effects of forest litters and soil in different types of understory vegetation in aerially-seeded Pinus massoniana plantation [J]. Sci Soil Water Conserv, 2016, 14 (4): 26-33]
25 丛日亮, 张金池, 黄进, 王如岩, 王荣娟, 陈莉莎. 苏南丘陵区主要植被类型土壤水文效应[J]. 亚热带水土保持, 2010, 22 (4): 13-17 [Cong RL, Zhang JC, Huang J, Wang RY, Wang RJ, Chen LS. Soil hydrological effect of the main forest types in the hilly region of south Jiangsu province [J]. Subtrop Soil Water Convers, 2010, 22 (4): 13-17]
26 王春阳. 黄土高原生态重建中植物凋落物碳氮在土壤中转化特性研究[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2011 [Wang CY. Study on characteristics of carbon and nitrogen of plant liitters during the ecology reconstruction of the loess plateau in soil [D]. Yangling: Northwest A&F University, 2011]
27 牛涛. 华西雨屏区退耕地几种植被覆盖模式水土保持效益研究[D]. 成都: 四川农业大学, 2012 [Niu T. The Study on the soil and water conservation benefit of different vegetation patterns in Rainy Area of West China [D]. Chengdu: Sichuan Agricultural University, 2012]
28 Joergensen RG, Wichern F. Alive and kicking: why dormant soil microorganisms matter [J]. Soil Biol Biochem, 2018, 116: 419-430
29 黎燕琼, 龚固堂, 郑绍伟, 陈俊华, 慕长龙, 朱志芳, 吴雪仙, 牛牧. 低效柏木纯林不同改造措施对水土保持功能的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33 (3): 934-943 [Li YQ, Gong GT, Zheng S W, Chen JH, Mu CL, Zhu ZF, Wu XX, Niu M. Impact on water and soil conservation of different bandwidths in low-efficiency cypress forest transformation [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2013, 33 (3): 934-943]
30 郑兰英, 胡兴宜, 王晓荣. 竹林水土保持功能研究进展与展望[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2012, 10 (6): 42-47 [Zheng LY, Hu XY, Wang XR. Research progress and prospect of soil and water conservation of bamboo forest [J]. World Bamboo Rattan, 2012, 10 (6): 42-47]

相似文献/References:

[1]庞学勇,包维楷,江元明,等.九寨沟和黄龙自然保护区原始林与次生林土壤物理性质比较[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(06):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
 PANG Xueyong,BAO Weikai,JIANG Yuanming,et al.Comparison of Soil Physical Properties under Primary and Secondary Forests in Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong Nature Reserves, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
[2]朱林海,包维楷,何丙辉.岷江干旱河谷典型地段整地造林效果评估[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(06):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
 PANG Xueyong,BAO Weikai,JIANG Yuanming,et al.Comparison of Soil Physical Properties under Primary and Secondary Forests in Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong Nature Reserves, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
[3]常丽娟,牛向丽,罗笛,等.编码水稻胞外核苷酸双磷酸酶基因的表达特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(06):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
 PANG Xueyong,BAO Weikai,JIANG Yuanming,et al.Comparison of Soil Physical Properties under Primary and Secondary Forests in Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong Nature Reserves, Sichuan, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(04):768.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00768]
[4]井学辉,曹磊,郭仲军,等.阿尔泰山小东沟林区植被随地形分布规律[J].应用与环境生物学报,2015,21(03):533.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
 JING Xuehui,CAO Lei,GUO Zhongjun,et al.Distribution of vegetation types with topography in the Xiaodonggou forest region of Altai Mountains, northwest China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2015,21(04):533.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
[5]吴 然 康峰峰 韩海荣** 程小琴 韩秀丽 周文嵩 赵 敬 纪文婧.山西太岳山典型植被类型土壤微生物量特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(03):486.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09022]
 WU Ran,KANG Fengfeng,HAN Hairong**,et al.Soil microbial biomass properties under typical vegetation types in the Taiyue Mountain of China*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):486.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.09022]

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-25