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[1]刘政,田地,黄梓敬,等.南方红壤侵蚀区不同恢复年限马尾松人工林土壤和叶片氮、磷养分含量及生态化学计量特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):768-775.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10022]
 LIU Zheng,TIAN Di,HUANG Zijing,et al.Characteristics of soil and foliar N and P concentrations and stoichiometric ratio along restoration ages of Pinus massoniana plantations in red soils erosion regions of southern China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(04):768-775.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10022]
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南方红壤侵蚀区不同恢复年限马尾松人工林土壤和叶片氮、磷养分含量及生态化学计量特征
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
768-775
栏目:
生态系统养分循环与保护恢复专栏
出版日期:
2019-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of soil and foliar N and P concentrations and stoichiometric ratio along restoration ages of Pinus massoniana plantations in red soils erosion regions of southern China
作者:
刘政;?田地;?黄梓敬;?傅仲豪;?刘骏;?胡亚林
福建农林大学林学院森林生态-稳定同位素研究中心 福州 350002
Author(s):
LIU Zheng;? TIAN Di;? HUANG Zijing;? FU Zhonghao;? LIU Jun & HU Yalin**
Forest Ecology and Stable Isotope Centre, Forestry College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
关键词:
红壤侵蚀区;?植被恢复;? 土壤养分限制;?生态化学计量比;?马尾松人工林
Keywords:
red soil erosion region;? vegetation restoration;? soil nutrient limit;? stoichiometric ratio;? Masson pine plantation
分类号:
S718.5
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.10022
摘要:
植被恢复是我国水土侵蚀地区的重要治理措施. 南方红壤丘陵区是我国第二大水土流失区,但针对该地区植被恢复过程中土壤氮(N)和磷(P)养分动态研究依然不足,尤其关于1 m深土壤N和P养分特征尚未见报道. 以南方红壤严重水土侵蚀区不同植被恢复年限林地(裸地、10年、20年和30年生马尾松人工林和天然次生林)为研究对象,比较植物叶片和1 m深度土壤N和P含量及生态化学计量比特征. 结果显示:随着马尾松人工林恢复年限增加,0-10 cm土壤N含量显着提高,但深层(> 10 cm)土壤N含量并无显着差异,与地带性天然次生林相比,马尾松人工林各土层土壤N含量依然显着偏低;随着恢复年限增加,马尾松人工林各层土壤全P含量未显着提高,且裸地、10年、20年生马尾松人工林和天然次生林各土层土壤全P含量差异不显着;随着恢复年限增加,植物叶片N和P含量呈增加趋势,与未经治理的裸地相比,30年生马尾松人工林叶片N和P含量分别增加42.26%和27.17%,且植物叶片N和P含量与各层土壤N和P养分存在显着正相关关系. 本研究表明南方红壤严重侵蚀区土壤N和P养分对植被恢复的响应存在差异;与土壤P养分相比,土壤N养分能够不断增加. 施加磷肥措施促进了红壤水土侵蚀区植被恢复,并促进单一马尾松人工林转变为地带性天然次生林植被. (图3 表1 参46)
Abstract:
Vegetation restoration is one of the most important practices for the control of soil erosion. The red soil region is the second large erosion region in China; however, the impacts of vegetation restoration on the dynamics of soil N and P nutrients at the 1 m depth are not well studied. In the present study, we evaluated soil and foliar N and P concentrations and their stoichiometric ratios in bare land and in 10-, 20-, and 30-year-old Masson pine (Pinus massoniana Lamb) plantations, as well as in natural secondary forests in the eroded red soils of south China. Soil N concentration increased significantly with increasing stand age of the Masson pine plantations at the 0-10 cm depth but not in deep (> 10 cm) soils. Soil N concentrations at the 1 m depth were still lower in 30-year-old Masson pine plantations than in natural secondary forests. The soil P concentration had not yet increased following vegetation restoration of Masson pine plantations. Moreover, no differences were noted in soil P concentrations along soil layers in bare land and in 10- and 20-year-old plantations and natural secondary forests. There was a gradual increasing trend after vegetation restoration for foliar N and P concentration, which was higher by 42.26% and 27.17% in the 30-year-old plantations than in bare land. Foliar N and P were positively related to soil N and P content, respectively. Our results indicated soil N and P responded differently following vegetation restoration in the red soil erosion regions, and soil P became more limited with the gradual increase in soil N. This suggests that P fertilizer could be applied to relieve soil P limitation during vegetation restoration and could promote vegetation change from single Masson pine plantations to natural secondary forests.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-25