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[1]窦露,谢英荷,李廷亮,等.生物菌肥、秸秆炭对麦田土壤酶活性及小麦产量的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(04):926-932.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.11019]
 DOU Lu,YANG Futian,XIE Yinghe,et al.Effects of biological fertilizer and straw charcoal on soil enzyme activity and wheat yield in wheat fields[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(04):926-932.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.11019]
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生物菌肥、秸秆炭对麦田土壤酶活性及小麦产量的影响
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
926-932
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of biological fertilizer and straw charcoal on soil enzyme activity and wheat yield in wheat fields
作者:
窦露;?谢英荷;?李廷亮;?杨福田;?李超;?黄涛;?柳玉凤;?纪美娟
1山西农业大学资源与环境学院 太谷 030801 2山西农业大学农业资源与环境国家级实验教学示范中心 太谷 030801 3山西农业大学山西省土壤肥料研究生教育创新中心 太谷 030801 4朔州职业技术学院 朔州 036002
Author(s):
DOU Lu1;? YANG Futian4;? XIE Yinghe1;? 2;? 3**;? LI Tingliang1;? 2;? 3;? LI Chao1;? HUANG Tao1;? LIU Yufeng1 & JI Meijuan1
1 College of Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 2 National Experimental Teaching Demonstration Center of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 3 Shanxi Provincial Soil and Fertilizer Postgraduate Education Innovation Center, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China 4 Shuozhou Vocational Technical College, Shuozhou, 036002, China
关键词:
冬小麦;?生物菌肥;?秸秆炭;?土壤酶;?产量
Keywords:
winter wheat;? biological bacterial fertilizer;? straw charcoal;? soil enzyme;? yield
分类号:
S147.2 : S512.1
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.11019
摘要:
为明确生物菌肥、秸秆炭对我国旱地麦田土壤酶活性及小麦产量的影响,通过田间试验研究农户施肥(FF)、测控施肥(MF)、菌肥无机肥(MFB)、秸秆炭无机肥(MFC)4种施肥处理对旱地小麦生育期土壤脲酶、过氧化氢酶、碱性磷酸酶活性及小麦产量和产量构成因素的影响. 结果表明,旱地麦田0-20 cm土层3种酶活性随小麦生育期推进呈现不同变化趋势,脲酶活性高峰均在拔节至扬花期,过氧化氢酶活性高峰均在成熟期,碱性磷酸酶活性高峰均在返青期. 在测控定量施肥基础上,菌肥无机肥较农户施肥显着提高了拔节至扬花期土壤脲酶、过氧化氢酶活性. 秸秆炭无机肥较农户施肥显着提高了拔节至扬花期碱性磷酸酶活性,提高幅度为16.1%-17.6%(P < 0.05). 菌肥无机肥和秸秆炭无机肥处理的冬小麦籽粒产量较农户施肥分别提高22.4%、21.5%(P < 0.05),秸秆炭无机肥处理显着提高了冬小麦千粒重. 拔节至成熟期脲酶活性与小麦籽粒产量呈显着正相关;拔节至扬花期碱性磷酸酶与小麦千粒重呈极显着正相关. 综上所述,在测控定量施肥基础上,菌肥无机肥和秸秆炭无机肥可以提高冬小麦产量与生育期酶活性,因此适宜在旱地麦田推广应用. (图3 表3 参42)
Abstract:
This study tried to clarify through field experiments the effects of biological bacterial fertilizer and straw charcoal on soil enzyme activity and wheat yield in dryland wheat fields in China. The effects of different fertilization treatments on soil urease, catalase, alkaline phosphatase activity, and wheat yield, as well as yield components during four growth stages of dryland wheat, were studied. The fertilization treatment includes farmers’ fertilization (FF), measurement and control fertilization (MF), biological bacterial fertilizer + inorganic fertilizer (MFB), and straw charcoal + inorganic fertilizer (MFC). The three enzyme activities in the 0-20 cm soil layer of dryland wheat field showed different trends during the wheat growth period. The peak of urease activity was in the period from jointing to flowering, the peak of catalase activity was at maturity, and the peak of alkaline phosphatase activity was during the greening period. MFB significantly increased soil urease and catalase activities from jointing to flowering stage. This was found by MF. The MFC significantly increased the alkaline phosphatase activity from the jointing to the flowering stage. It increased from 16.1% to 17.6% (P < 0.05). At the same time, MFB and MFC, compared to FF, significantly increased the grain yield of winter wheat by 22.4% and 21.5%, respectively (P < 0.05). MFC treatment significantly increased the 1 000-grain weight of winter wheat. Other studies have also shown that the urease activity from jointing to maturity is significantly positively correlated with wheat grain yield. The alkaline phosphatase activity from jointing to flowering is significantly positively correlated with 1 000-grain weight in wheat. In summary, on the basis of MF, it was found that MFB and MFC can improve the winter wheat yield and growth period enzyme activity. Therefore, it is suitable for popularization and application in dryland wheat fields.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-25