|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]何琳 祝其丽 王彦伟 何明雄 谭芙蓉**.多年生禾草皇竹草的综合利用研究进展*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2020,26(02):1-11.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.06004]
 HE Lin,ZHU Qili,et al.Advances in research on comprehensive utilization of a perennial grass Pennisetum hydridum*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2020,26(02):1-11.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.06004]
点击复制

多年生禾草皇竹草的综合利用研究进展*()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
1-11
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2020-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Advances in research on comprehensive utilization of a perennial grass Pennisetum hydridum*
作者:
何琳1;?2 祝其丽2 王彦伟2 何明雄2 谭芙蓉2**
1成都大学药学与生物工程 成都 610106
2农业部沼气科学研究所 成都 610041
Author(s):
HE Lin1;? 2;? ZHU Qili2;? WANG Yanwei2;? HE Mingxiong2&TAN Furong2**
1 College of Pharmacy and Biological Engineerging, Chengdu University, Chengdu 610106, China
2 Biogas Institute of Ministry of Agriculture, Chengdu 610041, China
关键词:
皇竹草;?综合利用;?生态治理;?饲料化;?能源化
Keywords:
Pennisetum hydridum;? comprehensive utilization;? ecological restoration;? forage preparation;? bio-energy conversion
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2019.06004
摘要:
因具有高产、速生、抗逆性强等生物学特性,被选作环境修复材料、优质饲草以及能源植物的皇竹草(Pennisetum hydridum)近年来倍受关注。对国内外皇竹草在生态环境、畜禽饲料、清洁能源等领域的研究进展及应用情况进行综述,为皇竹草生物质资源的综合利用提供参考。已有研究表明,皇竹草在退化土壤修复、污水净化和入侵物种治理中均能发挥重要作用,可以高效富集土壤重金属、去氮除磷、取代外来入侵物种等。青饲、干草、氨化和青贮是皇竹草饲料化利用的主要方式,其中青贮利用可均衡营养,缓解冬春饲料短缺。、沼气发酵乙醇发酵可实现皇竹草能源的转,生物量纤维含量关键,纤维膜。最后分析了皇竹草研究目前存在的问题,强调未来应注重优化工艺技术,拓展皇竹草生物质资源综合利用途径,并提出环境修复材料皇竹草在收获后可作为优质饲草、能源植物以及其他工业原料加以利用,产生的废渣可加工为有机肥的一种综合利用模式。(图2 表3 参78)
Abstract:
Background:. For its biological characteristics of large biomass, fast growing, and strong resistance, etc, Pennisetum hydridum, a combination of environmental phytoremediation material, high quality forage, and energy plant, raised public concern in recent years. Summary and Description: In this review, the recent advances and application of Pennisetum hydridum in the fields of ecological environment, livestock feedstuff, bioenergy and other aspects are summaried, which could benefit the research of comprehensive utilization of Pennisetum hydridum biomass resources. Results are demonstrated that the importance of Pennisetum hydridum in treatment of remediating degerated soil, purifying sewage and controlling invasive species, which means heavy metals, nitrogen and phosphorus, and invasive speicies can be effectively removed by Pennisetum hydridum. The main approaches of forage utilization are green fodder, hay, ammonification and ensiling, among these methods, ensiling achieves a balanced nutrition and allevates the defficiency of livestock in spring and winter. Pyrolysis and combustion, biogas fermentation, and bioethanol fermentation make the conversion of Pennisetum hydridum to bioenergy become a reality. Biomass and cellulose content are the key factors affecting energy utilization potential, but also the basis of developing fibreboard, nanocellulose membrane, edible fungus culture medium. Conclusion and Prospect: Finally, this article also analyse the existing problems in current researches, emphasizing on optimizing technology and expanding utilization apporoaches of Pennisetum hydridum biomass resources in the future. Simultaneously, a comprehensive utilization mode of biomass resource of Pennisetum hydridum is introduced, including using the harvested environmental phytoremediation material Pennisetum hydridum as high quality forage, energy plant, as well as the sources of other industrial products, possessing the wasted residue into organic fertilizer.

相似文献/References:

[1]颜朗,吴燕,陈鼎,等.皇竹草转录组分析揭示其抗冻特性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2017,23(03):459.[doi:2016.07038]
 YAN Lang,WU Yan,CHEN Ding,et al.Transcriptome analysis reveals cold acclimation in Pennisetum sinese Roxb[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2017,23(02):459.[doi:2016.07038]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期Received: 2019-06-04 接受日期 Accepted: 2019-07-25
*中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(Y2018PT69和12017206030202212)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: furong987@126.com)
点击摘要页题目后的“PDF”可下载阅读全文;本文为已录用的作者修定稿,尚未经编辑全面修改。
引用本文请注明出处本刊;发表刊期和页码将以正式出版时的安排为准,但DOI确定不变。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-30